IARPA & the BRAIN Initiative

The acronyms for the four BRAIN Initiative related IARPA programs are ICArUS. MICrONS, KRNS, and SHARP.

The Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) invests in high-risk, high-payoff research programs to tackle some of the most difficult challenges of the agencies and disciplines in the Intelligence Community (IC). IARPA does not have an operational mission and does not deploy technologies directly to the field. Instead, IARPA facilitates the transition of research results to our IC customers for operational application.

National Cancer Institute

he National Cancer Institute (NCI) is the federal government's principal agency for cancer research and training. NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of 11 agencies that comprise the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

The NCI coordinates the National Cancer Program, which conducts and supports research, training, health information dissemination, and other programs with respect to the cause, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cancer, rehabilitation from cancer, and the continuing care of cancer patients and the families of cancer patients.

NIH Institutes and BRAIN Initiative

The ten National Institute of Health (NIH) Institutes that are part the BRAIN Initiative are:

NEI -- National Eye Institute
NIA -- National Institute on Aging
NIAAA -- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
NIBIB -- National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering
NICHD -- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
NIDCD -- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
NIDA -- National Institute on Drug Abuse
NIMH -- National Institute of Mental Health
NINDS -- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
NCCIH -- National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

OSTP and The BRAIN Initiative

The US Congress established the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs.

OSTP with NIH is leading interagency efforts to develop and implement the BRAIN Initiative policies and budgets, and is working with the private sector, state and local governments, the science and higher education communities, and other nations toward this end.


NSF is the only federal agency whose mission includes support for all fields of fundamental science and engineering, except for medical sciences.

NSF keeps the United States at the leading edge of discovery in areas from astronomy to geology to zoology. In addition to funding research in the traditional academic areas, the agency also supports "high-risk, high pay-off" ideas, novel collaborations and numerous projects that may seem like science fiction today, but which the public will take for granted tomorrow.

DARPA and the BRAIN Initiative

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) mission is to create breakthrough technologies for US national security and to protect the health of U.S. service members and veterans.

To better address the health needs of service members and veterans, DARPA has launched four programs that support the goals of the BRAIN Initiative: RAM (Restoring Active Memory), RAM Replay, HAPTIX (Hand Proprioception and Touch Interfaces), and SUBNETS (Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging Therapies).


FDA is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.

FDA is also responsible for advancing the public health by helping to speed innovations that make medicines more effective, safer, and more affordable and by helping the public get the accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods to maintain and improve their health.

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