Nanotechnology Grand Challenge

White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) is announcing a grand challenge to develop transformational computing capabilities by combining innovations in multiple scientific disciplines.

The grand challenge, to create a new type of computer that can proactively interpret and learn from data, solve unfamiliar problems using what it has learned, and operate with the energy efficiency of the human brain, addresses three administration priorities—the National Nanotechnology Initiative, the National Strategic Computing Initiative (NSCI), and the BRAIN initiative.

Best and Worst of Neuroscience and Neurology – August 2015

Brain Blogger's best and worst of neuroscience and neurology for August 2015 by Viatcheslav Wlassoff, PhD.

The Best:
Neuronal activity protects against neurodegeneration
Modafinil is a first scientifically verified nootropics
Existing drug might be helpful for slowing down Parkinson’s disease progression
10-minute test for dementia
The brain’s ability to get rid of beta-amyloids reduces with age
Physically active elderly people show greater mental flexibility

BrainHack Americas Conference & Papers

The “Brainhack Thematic Series – Open Tools for Neuroscience” will highlight new tools and pipelines produced from past and future Brainhack events, in order to improve data sharing and reproducibility of results within neuroscience.

In addition to open review and open-access publication of your Research Articles, Technical Notes, and Data Notes, all supporting tools, materials, methods and results will also be openly available in the GigaScience repository, GigaDB.

Artifical neuron mimics human cells

Scientists at Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet have built what they claim is a fully functional neuron by using organic bioelectronics. This artificial neuron mimics the function of a human nerve cell and communicates in the same way as neurons do.

Such a device could eventually be miniaturized and implantable, says lead investigator Agneta Richter-Dahlfors, Karolinska Institutet professor of cellular microbiology. The research objective: improve treatments for neurological disorders, which are currently limited to traditional electrical stimulation.

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