Neurophysiology Overview

Neurophysiology (from Greek νεῦρον, neuron, "nerve"; φύσις, physis, "nature, origin"; and -λογία, -logia) is a branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system.

The primary tools of basic neurophysiological research include electrophysiological recordings, such as patch clamp, voltage clamp, extracellular single-unit recording and recording of local field potentials, as well as some of the methods of calcium imaging,optogenetics, and molecular biology.

Neurophysiology is connected with electrophysiology, neurobiology, psychology, neurology, clinical neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, cognitive science, biophysics,mathematical biology, and other brain sciences.[1]

Initial Overview based on Wikipedia entry Jan. 3, 2016.  Also see the Nervous SystemBrain,  and Human Brain wikipedia entries.

Several Brain Areas Communicate In New Way

Using diffusion spectrum imaging and fiber technology, Carnegie Mellon neuroscientists have identified a new way that several brain areas communicate in the striatum.

The findings illustrate structural and functional connections that allow the brain to use reinforcement learning to make spatial decisions. This discovery will impact learning and could lead to improved treatments for Parkinson’s disease.

Journal of Neuroscience 3/4/15

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