Neuromodulation Overview

Neuromodulation is the process when a neuron uses one or more neurotransmitters to regulate populations of neurons, unlike in classical synaptic transmission, where a presynaptic neuron directly influences a postsynaptic partner.

Neuromodulators secreted by a small group of neurons diffuse through large areas of the nervous system, affecting multiple neurons. Major neuromodulators in the central nervous system include dopamine, serotonin, acetylcholine, histamine, and norepinephrine.

Neurofeedback Overview

Neurofeedback (NFB), also called neurotherapy or neurobiofeedback, is a type of biofeedback that uses realtime displays of electroencephalography (EEG) or hemoencephalography(HEG) to illustrate brain activity and teach self-regulation.

EEG neurofeedback uses sensors that are placed on the scalp to measure brain waves, while HEG neurofeedback uses infrared (IR) sensors or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure brain blood flow.

Initial Overview based on Wikipedia entry Jan. 6, 2016. Also see biofeedback.

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics (also called neural prosthetics) is a discipline related to neuroscience and biomedical engineering concerned with developing neural prostheses.

They are sometimes contrasted with a brain–computer interface, which connects the brain to a computer rather than a device meant to replace missing biological functionality.

Early Access to Neuromodulation and Recording

NIH BRAIN Initiative Workshop: Industry Partnerships to Facilitate Early Access to Neuromodulation and Recording Devices for Human Clinical Studies

TIME: 12:00:00 PM DATE: June 3 and 4, 2015

PLACE: Neuroscience Center Building (NSC)

Live NIH Videocast (archived after seminar)

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